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make an offer.
Example. I can take you to the airport if you like.
Example. He could speak three languages before he was ten.
say that smth. is possible or impossible.
Example. I can’t get through. The phone’s always engaged.
refer to future possibilities. The form could is used.
Example. I think you could try to get a job in this company.
2. We use would to:
Example. Would you open the door for me, please?
Example. Would you like a drink?
I. Rearrange the words in 1 to 9 to make questions from a job interview.
Then decide whether each question is a)making a request, b)making an
offer or c)asking about ability.
get you can I anything?
details contact your confirm I could?
can you software package use this?
speak languages any other you can?
about tell you job us your present more could?
tell you current salary me you could?
would you as soon as possible your decision let us know?
start you when can?
like coffee some more you would?
II. Match the questions from task I with the interviewee’s answers.
It’s 42 thousand.
Yes, I use it a lot in my current job.
I can let you know next week.
Thank you. A coffee, please.
Yes, the address is the same, but my e-mail has changed.
I’d love some. Thank you.
Well, I’m currently responsible for European sales.
Yes, I can speak French.
My notice period is two months.
III. Work in pairs. Role play a Sales Director interviewing a candidate for the
job of Sales Representative. Make questions with the words below.
For example, ‘Can you drive?’
work at weekends
work on your own
use a computer
start next month
speak any other languages
meet sales targets
I. Before you read discuss the following phrases:
1. Work can be more that just a job. Your work can become a career.
2. Choose the job you like and you will never have to work a day in your life.
II. Read the article.
Choosing a Career
Originally, the word ‘career’ meant ‘road’ or ‘path’, today it means a ‘progress through life’ or a ‘job path’. How do you choose a career? Many students don’t have a clear idea of what they want to do in life. Part of the problem is the size and demands of the job market. These demands change when the economic situation in the country changes. Another part includes your own interests and special talents. Those who know themselves will often find the best jobs.
For most people, choosing a career isn’t easy, yet it is one of the most important decisions you will make in your life. Find the right career and you will be happy and successful. It is, therefore, necessary to explore your choice of occupation from every angle, collect as much information as you can, even try different kinds of work before making up your mind. Above all, evaluate yourself. Be sure you know your interests and abilities. Most of us are not as talented as famous musicians or movie stars but everyone has skills. At the beginning they are undeveloped and may not seem outstanding. Make a list of inventory of your interests and talents, concentrate on a few of them, and you may surprise yourself at how good you can become. Of course, you will not be able to find a good job without any academic background.
The interest inventory that follows covers the major fields in which most people find careers: science, arts, social service, business, sales, etc. If you want to make a career in business you have to learn some information about the areas of business and the opportunities they can offer.
Business is an important activity all over the world. The opportunities for a business career have grown in variety and number. There are four broad fields, or areas of business that offer exciting opportunities: management, marketing, accounting and finance. Within each of these fields there are jobs in which one can specialize. For example, within the field of marketing one can specialize in market research, advertising, buying, selling, or distribution.
Jobs in business and offices range from administration to general clerical work. Most of the jobs are done indoors. A lot of jobs - managers, accountants, analysts - require higher education, others like secretaries and clerks at least secondary school.
In choosing a business career, you have to answer the questions we have already discussed. Does the work interest you? Are there any areas of business for which you have an aptitude or special ability? And then, of course, it is necessary to know what the opportunities involved are. These include salary, a chance to get a career move, demand for the job. Answers to these questions and careful planning will help you to choose a successful career in business.
III. Match the following words from the text with their definitions.
IV. Translate the part of the text in bold into Russian.
V. Answer the questions.
1. What does the word “career” mean?
2. How should we choose a career? What questions should we ask and
3. What are the main areas of business?
4. What can people specialize in within the field of marketing?
5. What opportunities are involved in making a career in business?
6. Have you made your choice what area of business to specialize in?
VI. What is the main idea of the article? Choose the best variant.
Choosing a career is the most important thing in one’s life.
To find the right career in business you have to answer some important
questions about your interests, abilities and skills.
To choose the right career you have to evaluate yourself and explore your
choice of occupation, and if your choice is business, choose the area to
VII. How many parts can the article be divided into? What does each part
VIII. Render the article in English using tasks V, VI, VII.
Before you read answer this question.
What must you do to be successful in a job interview? Make a list under
the headings below and compare your list with other students.
Before the interview
During the interview
After the interview
Read the article. Compare the points in your list with the points given in the text.
How to Get that Job
Before the interview
Find out as much as you can about the company. Think about questions which the interviewer may ask you. Plan how to answer them.
Prepare one or two good questions to ask the interviewer at the end of the interview.
Don’t be late. If you are very early, have a coffee in a local café and look
at your notes.
Switch off your mobile and take two or three slow, deep breaths before you go in.
During the interview
When you walk in, shake hands firmly with the interviewer, look them in
the eyes and say ‘Pleased to meet you’.
Answer the questions in a confident voice. Don’t speak too quietly or
Answers should not be one word or one sentence, but also should not be
When answering questions, maintain eye contact with the interviewer. If
there is more than one interviewer, give them equal attention.
Give clear, direct answers. If you don’t know something, say so.
At the end of the interview, you may be asked: ‘Are there any questions
that you would like to ask us?’ Ask the questions prepared beforehand.
In general, be positive and show enthusiasm for the job.
After the interview
If you didn’t answer a question well in the interview, don’t be afraid to phone up soon afterwards and say: ‘I don’t think I explained myself very well in the interview. What I wanted to say was …’ This will show enthusiasm and it will remind our potential employer of you.
III. Answer the questions.
What research do you need to do before the interview?
What kind of clothes should you wear?
What should you do if you arrive very early?
What should you do before you enter the interview room?
What should you do and say when you meet the interviewer?
How long should your answers to questions be?
How should you answer questions?
What should you general attitude in the interview be?
Can you ask any questions during the interview?
What should you do after the interview?
Do you disagree with any of the points? Which ones? Why?
Would you like to add some important points to those mentioned in the article?
Do you think you will be good or bad at the interview? What should you do to be better?
I. Before you read discuss these questions in pairs.
What helps when a person tries to move ahead in his/her career? (Think about personal qualities and workplace factors).
What practical advice could you give to someone who wants to get ahead in his career? Make a list of three to five points.
II. Scan the article quickly and find out if any of the points in your list are mentioned.
Ten Ways to Improve Your Career
A leading staffing and recruiting firm offers the following tips for getting ahead in your career.
Make a list of your priorities and outline your tasks for the day. Write down your short- and long-term goals, evaluate your progress and stay focused.
Are you really present? You may physically be at work, but are you there mentally? Motivation is a great thing.
Learn how to work through others. Delegating tasks is an important skill to master at any level.
Always look for the opportunities to broaden your skills. For example, you can attend professional development seminars.
Socialise with colleagues. This will help you learn about what’s happening in other departments.
Create your own goals. Determine where you want to be professionally and what skills you need to reach that goal.
Be comfortable with being uncomfortable. Accept challenges that make you try something new.
Be clear about what you want. If you believe you deserve a promotion, ask for one.
Take time off and relax. Attending to your personal life and doing things that make you happy will help your performance at work.
10. Seek satisfaction. If you are disappointed by your current career, look for ways to transform your job into what you want. If this does not solve the problem, maybe it’s time to look for a new position.
If you follow this advice, you will significantly increase your opportunities to earn more money, get promoted sooner and move ahead faster.
III. Decide which tip each of the following sentences could be added to.
These are also a great way to network with 2 3 4
Each day, take a small step that brings you 5 6 7
closer to that target.
If your boss refuses, ask him what you need 6 7 8
to achieve in order to qualify for one.
It will also establish you as a team player 5 9 10
within the company.
Pay attention to every task that you do. 1 2 3
You may discover a secret talent or a hidden passion. 2 7 8
IV. Match the verbs 1-5 with the noun phrases a-e to form expressions from
to reach a. a promotion
to get ahead b. a skill
to evaluate c. a goal
to deserve d. in one’s career
to master e. one’s progress
Discussing ‘Ten Ways to Improve Your Career’
(Market Leader Pre-Intermediate Unit 1 Recording 1.1, 1.2)
I. Listen to two people, Debbie and Nikola, discussing the article. Complete
the table below with the number of the three tips they consider the most
II. Discuss these questions.
What do you think is the relationship between Debbie and Nikola? Why?
In your opinion, where are they from, and how old are they?
III. Listen to these extracts from the discussion and complete them. Do you
agree with Nikola’s comment?
Debbie If you want to move ahead in your career, you also need to evaluate
your progress regularly. If you do that, you get a better idea of ____
____ ____ ____ ___(1), and also of the areas that you need to
Debbie When a challenge presents itself, you have to ____ ____ ____(3). If
you play safe all the time, if you just settle …(4), you’ll never move
ahead in your career.
Nikola If you always do what you’ve always done, you’ll only get ____ ____
Telephoning: making contact
(Market Leader Pre-Intermediate Unit 1 Recording 1.3, 1.4, 1.5)
I. Listen to three phone calls and answer these questions.
1. What is the purpose of each call?
2. Do the callers know each other?
II. Listen to the first call again. Complete the expressions on the right so they
have the same meanings as the ones on the left.
III. Listen to the second call again and complete these phrases.
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