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Task I.

  1. A combination of sounds which aims at imitating sounds produced in nature, by things, by people and by animals is called:

  1. alliteration

  2. onomatopoeia

  3. assonance

  1. The repetition of the same or similar consonants usually at the beginning of words is called:

  1. onomatopoeia

  2. assonance

  3. alliteration

  1. The repetition of similar vowels, usually in stressed syllables is called:

    1. assonance

    2. alliteration

    3. onomatopoeia

  1. Transference of names based on the associated likeness between two objects without using like or as is called:

  1. metonymy

  2. simile

  3. metaphor

  1. Transference of names based upon the principle of contiguity of the two objects is called:

  1. metonymy

  2. simile

  3. metaphor

  1. The use of a word in the same grammatical but different semantic relations to two adjacent words in the context is called:

    1. pun

    2. zeugma

    3. euphemism

  1. A combination of two adjacent words in which the meanings of the two clash, being opposite in sense is called:

  1. antithesis

  2. oxymoron

  3. paradox

  1. A stylistic device in which emphasis is achieved through deliberate exaggeration is called:

  1. hyperbole

  2. understatement

  3. irony

  1. A word or phrase used to replace an unpleasant word or expression by a conventionally more acceptable one is called:

  1. dysphemism

  2. periphrasis

  3. euphemism

  1. Replacement of a direct name of a thing or phenomenon by the description of some quality of this thing or phenomenon is called:

  1. euphemism

  2. periphrasis

  3. metonymy

  1. A deliberate postponement of the completion of the sentence is called:

  1. climax

  2. anticlimax

  3. suspense

  1. A stylistic device in which every next word combination is logically more important or emotionally stronger than the previous one is called:

  1. suspense

  2. climax

  3. anticlimax

  1. Repetition of the same word, word combination or phrase for two or more times at the end of successive sentences is called:

  1. epiphora

  2. framing

  3. anaphora

  1. Match the types of linguistic context with their characteristics:

  1. microcontext

  2. macrocontext

  3. megacontext

  4. stylistic context

  1. a context which contains unpredictable, untypical of a certain style language units

  2. a context of a chapter, a story or the whole book

  3. a context of a single utterance

  4. a context of a paragraph in a text

  1. Point out semantic principles of:

  1. phraseographical fusions

  2. phraseographical units

  3. phraseographical combinations

  1. the emotional quality is based upon the image created by the whole

  2. they are not only motivated but contain one component used in its direct meaning while the other is used figuratively

  3. represent the highest stage of blending together

  1. Match each figure of quantity with its main stylistic feature:

  1. hyperbole

  2. meiosis (understatement)

  3. litotes

  1. positive sense of a structure with double negation

  2. a deliberate exaggeration

  3. a deliberate diminution

  1. Match each metonymic figure of quality with its main stylistic feature:

    1. metonymy

    1. replacement of a direct name of a thing/phenomenon by the description of some of its quality

    1. synecdoche

    1. naming the whole object by mentioning part of it, or naming a constituent part by mentioning the whole object

    1. periphrasis

    1. replacement of an unpleasant, impolite word or expression with a milder and decent one

    1. euphemism

    1. transference of a name of one object to another based upon contiguity

  2. Match each metaphoric figure of quality with its main stylistic feature:

1. metaphor

a. an attribute describing an object expressively, pointing out an implied figurative connotation

2. epithet

b. transference of a name of one object to another based on similarity

3. personification

c. ascribing human behaviour, feelings, thoughts and actions to inanimate objects

  1. To each of the following words marked with a number match the most suitable word marked with a letter so that an image is formed:

1. love


a) a tool used by ideas

2. man


b) slavery

3. job


c) a vehicle for the soul

4. body


d) magnetic force

  1. To each of the following words marked with a number match the most suitable word marked with a letter so that an image is formed:

1. A traitor


a. the hammer of God

2. Life


b. a many-headed beast

3. Thunder


c. a journey

4. A crowd


d. a snake

Task II.

Analyze the following sentences. Indicate stylistic devices used in them.

  1. The fair freeze blew, the white foam flew. The furrow followed free.

  2. He wrote and wrote, never looking at the clock, filling sheet after sheet, until his head reeled.

  3. The delicatessen owner was a spry and jolly fifty.

  4. Last time it was a nice, simple, European-style war.

  5. He caught a ride home to the crowded loneliness of the barracks.

  6. She was a sparrow of a woman.

  7. “You couldn’t win from me in a thousand years”, Danny assured him.

  8. The air was full of chips, flaming like meteors.

  9. Obviously this is a streptococcal infection. Obviously.

  10. “Have I not had to wrestle with my lot?”

  11. It was a signal of tuberculosis; whether old or recent they would know in a moment.

  12. It was not unnatural if Gilbert felt a certain embarrassment.

  13. Falling in love is like getting hit by a large truck and yet not being mortally wounded.

  14. “Forget and forgive”, she cried passionately.

  15. My mother believed you could be anything you wanted to be in America… You could open a restaurant. You could buy a house with almost no money down. You could become rich…

  16. Each of us is a prisoner in a solitary tower.

  17. He took his hat and his leave.

  18. Fear clutched at his throat.

  19. The whole valley was in that water, all the clarity, all the genuineness, all the goodness and simplicity and reality.

  20. She combined a masculine intelligence with a feminine perversity, and the novels she wrote were original and disconcerting.


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