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Practical class 4

1. Draw the model of reading comprehension according to the source below


Reading Comprehension Model:

1. Pre-reading: Before reading, activate prior knowledge, skim the text, and make predictions about the content.

2. Text Structure: Identify the structure of the text, including headings, subheadings, paragraphs, and their organization.

3. Text Features: Pay attention to any visual aids, such as graphs, charts, or illustrations, and understand their significance in supporting the text.

4. Vocabulary: Monitor and clarify unfamiliar words or phrases by using context clues, dictionary, or other resources.

5. Main Idea: Determine the main idea or central theme of the text to understand the primary focus.

6. Supporting Details: Identify key details or specific examples that support the main idea or provide additional information.

7. Inferences: Make logical inferences or draw conclusions based on the information provided in the text.

8. Text Evaluation: Critically analyze the text for bias, reliability, or accuracy of the information presented.

9. Summarization: Summarize the main points of the text in your own words to demonstrate understanding.

10. Reflection: Reflect on your understanding of the text and make connections to prior knowledge or personal experiences.

2. Watch the video and answer the question

What are the main strategies to improve reading comprehension?

There are several reading strategies that you can begin implementing today to improve your reading comprehension skills. The more you practice, the better you will become at understanding what you are reading. The following are seven simple strategies you can use to work on your comprehension skills:

1. Improve your vocabulary

Knowing what the words you are reading mean can improve your ability to comprehend the meaning of the text. To improve your vocabulary, you can:

  • Take an online vocabulary quiz to assess your current level of vocabulary understanding

  • Use flashcards to quiz yourself on words you don’t know once or twice a week

  • Make a point to use newly learned words in verbal and written communication

  • Read as much as possible to improve your ability to guess what a word means in a certain context

  • Make a list of unfamiliar words as you read and look them up in the dictionary

2. Come up with questions about the text you are reading

Asking questions about what you are reading can help improve your reading comprehension by allowing you to become invested in the text. It can also broaden your overall understanding of what you are reading by enabling you to explore themes, motifs and other components of text that you otherwise wouldn’t inquire about. The following are examples of questions you could pose as you read:

  • Why did the author begin the book at that location?

  • What kind of relationship do these two characters share?

  • What do we know about the main character up to this point in the book?

  • Are there any themes that have consistently come up throughout the book? If so, what do they mean?

The more specific your questions, the more likely you will gain further insight into the text and its meaning.

3. Use context clues

Using context clues is a great way to understand what you are reading even if you don’t know all the vocabulary being used. Context clues can be found in the words and sentences surrounding the word that you aren’t familiar with. To use context clues, you can focus on the key phrases or ideas in a sentence and deduce the main idea of a sentence or paragraph based on this information. You can also look for nearby words that are synonyms or antonyms of the word you don’t know.

4. Look for the main idea

Identifying the main idea of a paragraph or article can help you determine the importance of the article. Understanding why what you’re reading is important can give you a better comprehension of what the author is trying to convey. When reading, pause every few paragraphs and see if you can decipher what the main idea is. Then, try to put the main idea in your own words for even further understanding.

5. Write a summary of what you read

A great way to increase your knowledge of what you have read is to write a summary. Summarizing requires you to decide what is important in the text and then put it in your own words. Summarizing allows you to determine if you truly understand what you have read and better remember what you have read in the long term.

6. Break up the reading into smaller sections

If you are reading longer or more challenging text, consider breaking it up into smaller sections. For example, you could read two paragraphs at a time and then pause to quickly summarize what you just read in your mind. Breaking up what you are reading can help you feel less overwhelmed and give you a better chance of truly comprehending the information in the text.

7. Pace yourself

Pacing yourself is also an effective way to work on your reading comprehension skills by allowing you to set realistic goals for your reading practice and habits. This is especially true for books or other literature that you find challenging. Set a goal for yourself that you know you can meet each day. For example, rather than saying that you want to read an entire book in two days, say that you will read three chapters a night. This allows you to reach your goals and also provides adequate time for you to process what you are reading between each session.

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